Diabetes can be defined as a group of illnesses that affect how your body utilizes blood sugar (glucose).
Glucose is essential to health, because it's an important source of energy for the cells that makes up your muscles and tissues. It's also your brain's main source of energy.
The main cause of diabetes varies by the classification.
Diabetes can lead to excess sugar in the blood which can cause serious health problems.
Chronic diabetes conditions have type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Potentially reversible diabetes conditions include prediabetes and gestational diabetes.
PREDIABETES Occurs when blood sugar grades are higher than normal, but not high enough yet to be diagnosed as type 2 diabetes. And prediabetes is often the prototype of diabetes unless proper measures are taken to prevent advancement.
GESTATIONAL DIABETES Occurs during pregnancy though may settle after the baby is born. Gestational diabetes causes increased blood sugar that can affect your pregnancy and your baby's health.
Symptoms of diabetes
The main symptoms of diabetes are:
Itching on the vagina/penis
What causes diabetes?
The portion of glucose in the blood is controlled by a hormone called insulin - which is produced by the gland after the abdomen.
When food is digested and penetrates your bloodstream, insulin moves glucose out of the blood and pass to the cells, where it is broken down to make energy.
Nevertheless, if you have diabetes, your body system is unable to break down glucose into energy.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is a condition in which your immune system kills insulin-making cells in your pancreas. These are called beta cells. The condition is usually diagnosed in children and young people, so it used to be called juvenile diabetes.
In type 1 diabetes, the body's immune system attacks and destroys the cells that builds insulin. As insulin production decreases until no more is produced, your sugar level increases, which can seriously damage the body's organs.
If you're diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, you'll need insulin injections for the rest of your life.
You'll also need to pay close attention to certain aspects of your lifestyle and healthiness to ensure your blood sugar level stays proportional.
Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic medical condition in which the levels of sugar builds up in your bloodstream.
Typically, the hormone insulin allow glucose move from your blood to your cells, where it’s used for energy. Though with type 2 diabetes, your body cells aren’t able to react to insulin as well as they should. In later phases of the condition, your body may also not produce adequate insulin.
Uncontrolled type 2 diabetes can lead to chronically high blood glucose levels, which can cause several symptoms and potentially lead to serious intricacies.
Type 2 diabetes is where the body fails to produce adequate insulin. It is also known as insulin resistance.
If you are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, you may be able to control your symptoms simply by eating a nourishing diet, exercising regularly, and watching your blood sugar levels.
However, as type 2 diabetes is a evolving condition, you may someday need medical attention, usually in the form of tablets.
Type 2 diabetes is often associated with obesity.