DIBIA OR NATIVE DOCTOR IN IGBO CULTURE
In Igbo culture, Dibia (also spelled Dibịa) refers to a traditional healer who is believed to have the ability to communicate with the spiritual realm and to provide guidance and healing to members of the community. The Dibia is highly respected and plays an important role in Igbo society.
In some cases they are called the wise ones, great ones, the eyes of the gods, or doctors which is the literal meaning of the word DIBỊA in Igbo language, ( native doctors).
The Dibia is believed to possess supernatural powers that enable him to diagnose and treat various illnesses and spiritual afflictions. He may use herbal remedies, divination, sacrifices, and other spiritual practices to help his clients. The Dibia is also responsible for performing important rituals, such as naming ceremonies and funerals.
In traditional Igbo society, the Dibia was considered to be a mediator between the living and the dead, and was often consulted in matters of justice and conflict resolution. The Dibia was also responsible for maintaining the spiritual balance of the community, and was believed to have the power to avert disasters and bring good fortune.
Today, while traditional healers and diviners still exist in Igbo culture, their role has been somewhat diminished by the influence of Western medicine and Christianity. However, the Dibia and other traditional healers remain an important part of Igbo cultural heritage and continue to play a role in some communities. It is important to know the difference between yahoo online Dibias and original Igbo Dibia. Online Dibias only claim on making their client rich, which is not part of Igbo native DIBIA.
Just like what we have in western Doctors, is also obtainable in Igbo Dibia.
For example in western world a doctor is defines as follows.
A teacher or a learned man.
A person who holds a doctorate.
A physician or surgeon.
A person licensed to practice any of the healing arts, as an osteopath, dentist, veterinarian, etc.
And this word doctor is said to be originated from an old Latin word of doctore which means a teacher, and in middle English as doctor, teacher, or learned man.
So in Igbo setting, DIBỊA being a vast field of knowledge includes:
(1) DIBỊA NGBỌRỌGWỤ NA MKPA AKWỤKWỌ which we call herbalist in English language.
These are people that specializes in discovering, and treating sicknesses using roots, herbs and nature materials. All their goals are saving life.
(2) EZEMMỤỌ, (CHIEF PRIEST OF AN ORACLE) They are also being referred to as the mouthpiece of gods.
These are another set of people which we also refer to as DIBỊA. They serve as mediators between the people and the oracles. They offer sacrifices to the gods and the Oracle, and alert the leadership of the people when things are going bad in the society, eg when an abominable act is perpetrated neither in the secret or openly, so they are often called names like the voice of the gods or the eyes of the gods.
(3) DIBỊA OWUMMIRI or the mediator between the water goddesses and man. These are special section of DIBỊAs whos works are often reaching out to the river goddesses and gods, helping people with issues relating to water spirits like ọgbanje and iyiụwa problems. They can offer sacrifices, and intermediate between the person involved and the spirits in other to bring solutions.
(4) DIBỊA MGBA AFA, OR MGBA NSI which in English can be referred as diviners, soothsayers, fortune tellers, all kinds of seers etc. These are specialists in every spiritual inquiries. When you approach them for your problems all they do is consult the spirit of the ancestors which will reveal to them the root of the problem and what can be done for a permanent solution of it. Sometimes due to they have limited powers in solving problems, they might direct you to a higher power or can also go in your name and at the end the goal is to get the solution.
(5) DIBỊA NHA MMIRI or rain doctors as English calls it.
These I have mentioned so far are all in the fields of being a DIBIA (native doctors). Rain doctors are the people that possesses the power to control rain and winds. They can cause wind to blow, make it rain, and can also make it stop raining. They are the only people that possess the natural/ spiritual/scientific knowledge of doing this.
Sometime among them there are ones that only have the power to cause the wind to blow shifting rainfall from one direction to another or stop it from falling at a particular location at a particular time, (ịchụmmiri) and some can only make rain to fall, but can not control or stop rain from falling, (Ịhammiri) but there are ones that have the power to carry out both still. (NDỊ NA ACHỤ MA NA AHAKWA MMIRI) Just like Amanvo community in Uturu.
In all these, like I mentioned earlier, mainly people are divinely chosen by the spirit to serve them on each various field, and one can also acquire this knowledge by staying close to a DIBỊA or serving as an apprentice to a DIBỊA.
Though one person sometimes can divinely be blessed with all of this knowledge in one, but I want us to have this understanding that there are differences in them.
There are some DIBỊA that can only give medicines and heal sicknesses, but can not predict anything, and such people are called for that purpose only.
There are some that specialized in predictions, fortune-telling or any kind of igba afa, but they can not heal sicknesses.
In rain doctoring, I know some rain doctors that can only bring rain down, but cannot stop or control the raining. And there are also some that have the power to control both.
So in the Igbo setting all this people are recognised in their various fields.
This teaching becomes very important not for just to the ordinary people, but to those who are operating as DIBỊAS today in and around the society.
Because some few bad eggs have destroyed the legacies of our ancestors in this field.
People must be made to understand that being a DIBỊA is never a license to kill or to perpetrate all kinds of atrocities thereby causing pain and sorrows to the people. Rather being a DIBỊA is a call to save life, to heal, to teach and uplift the people.
Yes I understand that anyone that possesses the knowledge of what saves, also must have the ideas of what kills, yes this is just about having the knowledge of negativity and positivity, but the right thing here is that you must be positive here hence life is involved. Because our people said that "An adult who a baby is given to and she started complaining that she is having toothache should be mindful that the baby was given to her not to be bitten". This just a proverb.
So they told you all the negative sides of African healing strategies and DIBỊA, but you never asked them the positive sides???
So you believe that DIBỊAs or native doctors are bad due to these online Yahoo Dibia and some bad eggs amongst them that are often negative in their practice, but you have not asked your self who is responsible for creation of some deadly diseases like Ebola, SARS, Lassa fever, HIV and AIDS ,Covid 19 etc????
African spirituality is never an evil practice the way western religion, western education, Western media and some bad eggs amongst us has made it to look like, it is all about being positive and always maintaining positive vibrations.
Before the western psychiatric treatment came to Africa, Africans have been treating psychiatric related cases including madness of all sorts.
Before western ways of health care came to Africa, Africans have been enjoying good health, good medications through nature produces and spirituality.
Every poison has its antidote, every sickness has cure in African ways of healings, every problem has remedy.