Most butterflies feed on the nectar of flowers.
The basis of the butterfly food pyramid is the nectar of flowers.
However, it is poor in mineral salts, which forces them to obtain them from a different
source. For this reason, they can often be seen near a puddle
(rainwater washes the salts from the ground). They will also not disdain fermenting fruit, sap
leaking from damaged trees or
carrion. Mineral salts are mainly necessary for males,
The fastest butterflies can reach speeds of up to 55 km / h.
The butterfly life cycle can be divided into 4 stages: egg,
caterpillar, chrysalis, and adult butterfly.
Butterflies are divided into two types: daytime and nighttime (moths), although there are also daytime moths. Of the 164 thousand types of butterflies,
140 thousand are moths.
The size of the butterfly varies from 3 millimeters to 30
In winter, butterflies hibernate, regardless of their stage of development (egg, caterpillar, chrysalis, adult specimen).
Butterflies, like other insects, can lift something 50 times heavier than them. It is as if every 70-kilogram person could support himself 3.5 tons.
We distinguish over 150,000 species of butterflies, of which
over 3,000 can be found in Poland.
Butterflies include both day species and moths.
The body of butterflies is made of segments surrounded by chitinous shells, which are connected with each other by
membranous joints. This allows the butterflies to move freely. The butterfly’s body consists of the
head, torso, and abdomen.
Butterflies are the most advanced insects in terms of evolution.
Some butterflies are able to travel at a speed of 55 kilometers per hour.
They have two pairs of wings covered with scales.
Some butterflies, such as the bird dove, can make up to 5,000 wing blows per minute.
Butterflies are the second most numerous group of insects,
second only to beetles.
The larval form of the butterfly is the caterpillar, and its food mostly consists of the soft parts of plants. However, there are also carnivorous caterpillars and even
cannibals. The caterpillar is the only stage of the insect’s
development in which it grows.
Hedgehogs, one of the butterfly families, have one of the longest mammals, which in some species are even longer than their body.
Receptors are located on the entire surface of the antennae, which are responsible for recognizing smells.
On the surface of antennae there is also Johnston’s organ in
butterflies. It is an organ of balance and hearing, which, among others, can pick up vibrations in the air.
The body of butterflies consists
of 3 segments. They are on it.
among others 3 legs, which are slender and covered with fine hairs or scales.
Some species have chemical receptors on their legs that allow
them to capture stimuli.
Butterflies have two pairs of wings with two layers, which
consist of a membrane that is
stretched between layers of veins.
Butterfly wings can be of different colors and sizes, they can also differ in terms of their
proportions in relation to the body.
In those butterflies whose flights are long, the wings are narrow, long, and pointed.
Butterflies, which in their lifetime are forced to make quick dodges and turns, have wide and
rounded wings at the tips.
Daytime butterflies, such as the Queen’s Page, make about 300
wing movements per minute.
The more massive build of moths, such as moths, for example, means that on average they have to make many more strokes.
The fastest among butterflies, they can reach speeds of up to
55 km per hour.
Butterfly wings are usually covered with fine scales, the surface of which is usually
uneven, covered with ribs or furrows.
The shape of butterfly wings is usually elliptical in shape and may also have a capillary or wide blade shape.
Some moths, mainly males, also have scent scales.
The abdomen is the part of the body of a butterfly that shows
Female butterflies have a telescopic deck at the end of their abdomen, which enables them to lay eggs.
Butterflies have a characteristic life cycle. Namely, a complete transformation takes place in these insects.
The body temperature of butterflies is much higher than that of humans. Butterflies take flight if their body temperature is at least … 86 degrees Celsius.
More than 2 times more than human temperature!
Butterflies have 3 pairs of legs with hook claws and 4 wings.
There are taste cells on the feet, so the butterfly doesn’t have to put something in its mouth to see if it likes it